Studio Lighting

What are the commonly used photography lighting equipment? What are their characteristics?

Lighting is one of the essential and important elements in image creation. Without good lighting, it is impossible to create a picture that is higher than life and has a strong artistic taste. Whether in graphic creation or film and television creation, the lighting factor occupies a very important position. Especially in film and television, the crew is usually equipped with a huge lighting group, and there are many detailed divisions of labor in the lighting group, for example, there are lighting directors, lighting engineers, lighting assistants and so on. Only by selecting reasonable film lamps and assisted by light control tools in a timely manner can a high level of image quality be created. So, what are the commonly used video lighting equipment? What are their characteristics?

1. Tungsten filament lamp

Tungsten filament lamps are often used to create indoor lighting, such as offices and home environments, and are one of the essential lamps for lighting early movies. The color rendering index (CRI) of tungsten filament lamps is as high as 100, which allows it to fully display the true color of objects. Its color temperature is about 2700K to 3300K, and the light is orange, which is quite suitable for simulating sunlight.

Disadvantages: Relatively power consumption, long life, and very easy to generate high temperature, so it must not come into contact with any skin oil.

2. Fluorescent lamps

Fluorescent lamps commonly used in daily life, also known as fluorescent lamps, are mostly used for shooting indoor scenes. They are cheap, lightweight and not easy to generate heat, and are suitable for most shooting work. Its color temperature is around 2700K to 6500K, and photographers can choose a lamp with a warmer color or a cool color light source according to the shooting needs, creating a large area of ​​soft and uniform brightness.

In addition, due to the poor focusing effect of fluorescent lamps, indoor scenes should be the main focus when shooting, and the subject should be close to the light source to obtain the correct brightness.

3. LED fill light

The LED fill light has the effect of what you see is what you get, suitable for any scene, and the light is uniform and stable. It is not limited by the filming space and environment. It is the best choice for small production crews. The LED fill light can be dimming with internal buttons, remote control or App, which can quickly control the color temperature and brightness, which saves the crew a lot of time and cost.

LED bulbs have a long life and are relatively environmentally friendly. In recent years, they have gradually been regarded as the mainstream lamps for future movies. However, the quality of LED lamps on the market varies. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully choose LED fill lights for professional lighting. suitable light conditions.

Led photography fill light
When shooting a movie, in addition to mastering the characteristics of each lighting fixture to maximize its effect, using light control tools in a timely manner to increase or decrease the light in the scene is also the key to creating an ideal picture. The following is an introduction to common light control tools:

1. Reflector

The reflector, as the name suggests, illuminates the object by reflecting the light source, creating a softer light, and thereby controlling the direction of the light, the range of shadows, etc. And different reflectors can also show different degrees of reflective effects according to their surface materials and colors, so as to achieve an ideal picture.

2. Soft plate

The diffuser is one of the important media for soft light sources. Sometimes it can be replaced by light and thin materials such as cloth and paper. It is usually placed before the light source. The hard light becomes soft light, thereby reducing the appearance of shadows and making the image more gentle and harmonious.